邹宝玲,罗必良.农户转入农地规模及其合约匹配[J].华中农业大学学报(社科),2019,(6):139-148
农户转入农地规模及其合约匹配
The Scale of Farmland Leased in by Rural Households and Their Contract Matching
  
DOI:
中文关键词:农地转入  土地规模  合约匹配  差序化
英文关键词:farmland transfer  land size  contract matching  differentiation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金政策研究重点支持项目“农地确权的现实背景、政策目标及效果评价”(71742003);广东省教育厅创新团队项目“中国农地制度改革创新:赋权、盘活与土地财产权益的实现”(2017WCXTD001)。
作者单位
邹宝玲 1.西南大学 经济管理学院重庆 400715 
罗必良 2.华南农业大学 国家农业制度与发展研究院广东 广州 510642 
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中文摘要:
      农业规模化生产是农业发展的基本趋势,而经营规模的扩大依赖于农地的转入。以土地为基础的农业资源配置导致了转入不同规模农地的农户对于农地租约的稳定性与完全性等存在差异化的需求。本文利用农户调研数据,阐释农户转入农地规模及其合约匹配特征。实证表明,转入土地规模的差序化将导致合约的其他维度也呈现出差序化特征,即转入农地规模越大,农户越倾向于签订正式的书面合约,所能够承担的转入租金越高,转入对象为非亲友邻居的概率更大,转入的期限也相对较长。建议应当以土地的整合集中为基础,发挥村集体组织农地流转的比较优势,为促进新型农业经营主体进入农业创造有利条件,并由此促进土地资源的有效利用与农业生产率的提高。
英文摘要:
      Large-scale agricultural production is the basic trend of agricultural development,and the expansion of operation scale depends on the transfer of farmland.The allocation of agricultural resources based on farmland leads to rural households’ differentiated demands on stability and completeness of farmland lease contract.Thus,this paper uses household-level survey data to explain the scale of farmland leased in by rural households and the characteristics of contract matching.The results show that the difference in the scale of farmland transfer will lead to the difference in other dimensions of the contract.To be concrete,the larger the scale of farmland leasing-in is,the more rural households tend to sign formal written contracts,the higher the rent they can afford to lease in farmland,the higher the possibility of leasing in farmland from non-relatives and non-neighbors is,and the longer the lease period is.This paper suggests that the government should give full play to the comparative advantages of rural collective organizations in farmland transfer based on the integration and concentration of farmland,in order to create favorable conditions for the new type of agricultural operators to enter agriculture,thus promoting the effective utilization of land resources and the improvement of agricultural productivity.
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